Study Tips

Once you are certain that your child has planned ahead sufficiently and is aware of
all the deadlines, commitments and requirements over the next school term, you can begin to look at HOW they are studying.

  • There are some obvious no-no’s like studying with the TV on or studying in a
    crowded and busy place. Despite the teenagers’ insistence that the TV/iPod etc.
    makes them concentrate better, it DOES NOT.
  • Research has shown that they need to be in a quiet, well-ventilated, uncluttered
    space – preferably at a desk with a white or blank wall in front of them.
  • It is important to divide subjects up into specific time frames so that they do not get
    bored or overloaded with one subject. Depending on the age, children should study
    for 30 – 55 minutes followed by a 5-minute break. During the break, they should
    leave the room, stretch, have a drink and get some fresh air before going back to the
    study area.
  • Once the subject for studying has been chosen, have a look at how it can be made
    more story-like. Think of the movies that they watch and how much of the information
    they retain when stories are told with colour and variation.
  • Subjects like history & geography are perfect examples. The child should have a
    blank paper and coloured pens and create a brief timeline story out of the subject.
    Get the general story right first and then later, add specifics like dates and numbers.
  • Certain subjects like maths require PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE! Doing
    calculations over and over until it becomes 2nd nature is the only way to ensure that
    the information is retained.  Remember it is not only about these exams but about
    having sufficient retention to be able to move up a year and carry on with more
    complex work.
  • Studying languages is somewhere in the middle. There are instances where stories
    can be created and in other cases, there is just plain old fashioned Rote learning
    required.

If your child understands these different study options and arranges the study
timetable in advance, the studying will be varied and in small, regular doses and will
seem much more manageable.

Teaching kids how to save money

Money does not grow on trees, our parents cautioned, and like the obedient children we were, we listened—well, mostly.

From the amount of “I wants…!” sounding off in stores these days, I’m guessing the kids have not gotten the same memo.

Do you talk to your children about money? Probably not as often as necessary.

And yet, wanting to keep them informed without burdening them with concerns about money can be a fine line to tread.

Teaching kids about money is a multifaceted undertaking, with it comes lessons on responsibility, setting goals, and making decisions.

Nothing beats taking from real life examples to teach them important lessons.  How much pocket money do you give your child?

Drafting the monthly budget

Going through the monthly budget can be an excellent way of giving your kids an overview of income and expenses, strengthening their concept of money. Be extra cautious though not to mention financial struggles or frustrations. Stick to the basics.

At an ATM

Do you remember your first encounter with the ATM machine as a child? After pushing a few buttons, our parents made cash appear out of thin air, right? This is the perfect time to talk to your kids about earning a living and making decisions on spending.

Be sure not to leave out an explanation on how this nifty contraption really works.

When paying the bills

Definitely not something we normally do with our children present, but giving them an idea of where money goes and why could not be more beneficial in getting them to understand the value of money, how saving in the present means doing fun things in the future, and that paying the bills is an on-going responsibility for all adults.

This is also a great time to clue them up on how they can help with saving non-monetary essentials like electricity and water.

At the shops 

It may seem like an obvious time, but with a packed store and a long list of items to get to, the thought of fitting in a conversation on budgeting might be at the very bottom of your to-do list.

But what better time to introduce the idea of pricing, especially when requests for treats start rolling in. Turn it into a game by asking them to find the best prices for the items on your shopping list.

Here, you could also establish the difference between a necessity and a want.

When seeking insurance coverage

Clue them up on the how you include insurance costs in your monthly budget, and that even though initially it may be expensive, it can be an incredible money saver in the long run.

When providing their pocket money 

If you’re giving them a certain amount of money every month, you also need to give them guidelines, specifying what your child can and cannot do with their money is one way of doing this, suggesting that they save or donate a certain percentage is another example.

Introduce age appropriate books and apps they could use to manage their money.

When gifted with money 

Receiving money on a birthday or holiday is the perfect time to introduce the idea of saving. By discussing why it is important, along with the different ways they could save, you instill invaluable lessons for their future.

When paying debt

Don’t forget keeping it basic is key, a general run through of what debt is and how it works is all you need to inform them about for now.

 

Playground fights: where do you stand?

How do you handle playground incidents? What kind of parent are you? And what do you teach your kids about conflict resolution? Estrelita Moses lays it out.

Pushing and shoving in the playpen is a given. Playground politics is a given. There’s always a barney of sorts. There will always be the pre-teen who is age-inappropriate for the kiddies play area. Or the slightly older boys and girls who just play roughly with no regard for the little ones sharing the area. The roughnecks, the bullies, the child who cries just because, the leaders of the pack. The list is endless.

It’s how you deal with said politics that sets the stage for a relatively cool meltdown, or one of epic proportions à la Spur dad style. In case you haven’t been seen it, here’s the crux of the matter.

A brawl between parents resulted in Spur restaurants nationwide banning a man who could be seen being verbally abusive to a fellow diner after an apparent scuffle between their children in the play area. A child was grabbed. The altercation is an ugly one. The language is ugly – by both parties. The whole thing was, well, ugly – very ugly. The jury is still out on to what extent race, gender and anger management issues played a part in it. Was he just a bloody bully?

But no matter how one looks at it, the children on both sides bore witness to this appalling behaviour. And no child should have to watch his or her parent behave in such a manner.

So in the parent hierarchy of playground politics, which one are you?

Are you the one blinded by rage at even the slightest provocation? Do you tend to let your children roam free in play areas – “come back only if there’s real blood”? Or do you watch out for the one sucker you know will watch the entire play area, the parent who tends to hover, helicopter rotor blades at full speed?

I used to hover a lot when Luca was younger. He is four and half now, so I hover a bit less. Parents can spot it a mile off. I would be the one parent who’d stand in the play area while the other moms would drink wine and eat in relative peace and quiet. A knowing wink or nod: Do you mind keeping an eye? You’re already there. And I would – because at the end I prefer keeping an eye on my own child. Yip, even at the Spur.

Free-range or helicopter parent?

It is relatively easy to nip mini meltdowns in the bud if you have an eye on what’s happening. Watch for long enough and you can usually tell if a situation has the potential to escalate. That is when I usually go in, mostly at eye-level (on my knees) and, shock horror, have a reasonable conversation.

My usual approach is to speak to my son first and find out exactly what the issue is. Or to call him aside – usually within earshot of the potential offender – and say to please be careful, for such and such a reason. Most times the presence of an adult or the sense that someone is watching tends to calm things down somewhat. It is seldom that it doesn’t.

On the odd occasion when it does, I have learned to pick my battles, rather just step way and extricate my child from a potentially poisonous confrontation. Yes there is a time to stand up for yourself, and your child, but there is also a time when you back down and walk away.

“I am a wolf mom”

I wouldn’t want my child seeing me scream like a banshee at a complete stranger (God knows he gets that at home for free!). Or worse.

What I do want my child to learn is to pick his battles. By all means stand up for yourself, but don’t become a bully in the process. Being overly aggressive won’t calm an explosive situation. And once it’s blown up, the way back is a long one.

And most of the time, the big losers are the children involved.

Tips for Deworming Children

Deworming your family has become a lot easier and more affordable, but staying free of these pesky parasites is the real challenge. Here are eight ways to protect your family from getting infected:
1. Keep children’s fingernails short and clean to keep dirt containing worm eggs from getting lodged under their nails.
2. Stop your pets from giving worms to the family by putting them on a parasite control programme from your vet.
3. Wash your hands before handling food.
4. Wash all fruit, salads and vegetables before use.
5. Rinse all meats before preparing them for cooking.
6. Make sure your children wash their hands with soap and clean water after using the toilet.
7. Do not drink water that may be dirty.
8. Wear shoes to stop worms entering through the feet.

Pre-School and Aftercare – Weekly Menu

 

Monday:

  • 08h00 – Breakfast
  • 10h00 – Own Snack from home
  • 12h30 – Hot Meal – Chicken A LA King & Fruit
  • 15h00 – Juice, Biscuits & Fruit

Tuesday:

  • 08h00 – Breakfast
  • 10h00 – Own Snack from home
  • 12h30 – Sandwiches with either Jam, Peanut butter or both depending on what child likes.
  • 15h00 – Juice, Biscuits & Fruit 

Wednesday:

  • 08h00 – Breakfast
  • 10h00 – Own Snack from home
  • 12h30 – Hot meal – Macaroni with Mince & Fruit
  • 15h00 – Juice, Biscuits & Fruit

Thursday:

  • 08h00 – Breakfast
  • 10h00 – Own Snack from home
  • 12h30 – Pap & Boerewors
  • 15h00 – Juice, Biscuits & Fruit

Friday:

  • 08h00 – Breakfast
  • 10h00 – Own Snack from home
  • 12h30 – Hotdogs or Boerewors roll & Fruit
  • 15h00 – Juice, Biscuits & Fruit

Aftercare meals:

The same meal is given to the Aftercare that is given to the Pre School at 12h30 daily. The Pre School learners eat when they arrive from school.

How to Treat a Burn

burn treatment

The type of treatment a burn victim receives depends on the degree of the burn and how he/she got it.

If you judge the burn to be serious, then it is imperative that you either take the victim to the hospital yourself or that you call your emergency number.
While you wait for the paramedics to arrive, there is some burn treatment that you can administer.

Emergency burn treatment consists of the following steps:

  • Remove clothing from the injured area. If any clothing sticks or adheres to the skin, simply cut around it and leave it in place for the paramedics to deal with.
  • Keep the patient covered since there is a tendency for the victim to get the chills which could eventually lead to shock.
  • Dressing or bandages for burns come in various forms (cotton gauze or synthetic bandages) and which kind to use depends on the type of burn wound.
  • They have three purposes:
  • Protect against infection.
  • Reduce the loss of heat.
  • Provide some comfort.
  • Other things to remember regarding burn treatment:
  • Dressings/bandages should be grease and oil free.
  • Do not break any blisters intentionally. When a blister opens on its own, pat antibiotic ointment on it and cover with a dressing.
  • Any bandage applied should be loose so as to prevent any pressure on the burned surface and to allow for any swelling which may occur.
  • Remove any jewelry from a burned area.
  • Do not put ice on the burn because it will damage the skin and can lead to frostbite.

Fire Hazards in the Home

pot
The National Fire Protection Association reports 85% of fire deaths occur in the home, making fire prevention a top priority in every home. Here is a list of some of the less obvious tips for fire prevention, based on the most common causes of fires:
Cooking is the number one cause of home fires.

  • NEVER use water to extinguish a grease fire.
  • Keep appliances clean, and wipe surfaces after spills. Clean stove surfaces and ovens regularly.
  • Wear tight-fitting sleeves, or roll them up when cooking
  • Keep flammable objects, including pot holders, dish towels and curtains, at least three feet away from the stove.
  • Wood and coal stoves, fireplaces, chimneys, and all other solid-fueled heating equipment needs to be inspected annually by a professional and cleaned accordingly.
  • Assure microwaves have enough room to breathe, that all the vents are cleared of obstructions.
  • If there is a microwave fire, keep the door closed and unplug the microwave. Make sure to have the microwave oven serviced before you use it again.
  • If there is an oven fire, keep the door closed and turn off the heat. If the fire doesn’t go out immediately, call the fire department.
  • A grease fire occurs when oil or greasy foods are heated and ignite. The simplest way to fight a grease fire is to carefully slide a lid over the pan. Turn off the burner, don’t move the pan, and keep the lid on until the pan cools completely. Baking Soda may also be used to suffocate the fire.
  • NEVER PUT WATER ON A GREASE FIRE. Water causes the grease to splatter and the fire to spread. Also, NEVER attempt to take a grease fire outdoors. It will be too hot to carry and you will drop it, causing a major house fire.

Heating Equipment

  • Heating equipment is the leading cause of home fires during the winter months of May, June and July, and is the second-leading cause of home fires year-round.
  • When buying heaters, look for devices with automatic shutoff features.
  • Be sure any gas-fueled heating device is installed with proper attention to ventilation, and never put unvented gas space heaters in bedrooms or bathrooms. Liquefied Petroleum (LP) gas heaters with self-contained fuel supplies are prohibited for home use.
  • Never leave space heaters on when you leave the room.
  • Space heaters should be kept at least three feet away from anything that can burn.
  • Don’t use extension cords with space heaters. The high amount of current they require could melt the cord and start a fire.
  • When lighting a gas space heater, strike your match first, then turn on the gas.
  • Never use a gas range as a substitute for a furnace or space heater.

Electrical Distribution Equipment

electrical safety in the home

Wherever electrical current is concerned, a fire extinguisher should never be too far.

  • Wiring, outlets, switches, circuit breakers and other electrical devices are the third leading cause of home fires and the second leading cause of fire deaths.
  • Replace or repair loose or frayed cords on all electrical devices.
  • If outlets or switches feel warm, shut off the circuit and have them checked by an electrician.
  • Try to avoid extension cords. If you feel an extension cord is necessary, make sure that it is not frayed or worn. Do not run it under carpet or around doorways.
  • Never overload a socket. The use of “octopus” outlets or “power bar”, outlet extensions that accommodate several plugs, is strongly discouraged. Try to limit one high-wattage appliance into each individual outlet at a time.
  • If a circuit breaker trips or a fuse blows frequently, cut down on the number of appliances on that line. In many older homes, the capacity of the wiring system has not kept pace with today’s modern appliances and can overload electrical systems. Some overload signals include: dimming lights when an appliance goes on, fuses blowing frequently or shrinking TV picture.
  • Assure there’s plenty of air space around home entertainment units such as the TV and stereo to avoid overheating.
  • Although some fires are caused by electrical system failures and appliance defects, many are caused by the misuse and poor maintenance of electrical appliances, incorrectly installed wiring, and overloaded circuits and extension cords.

Smoking

Smoking is the leading cause of home fire deaths.
Never smoke in bed. Always look under cushions and in trashcans for burning cigarettes before going to bed. Check carpeting where ashtrays have been used.
More to think about:

  • Get rid of stored newspaper or other unnecessary materials. Newspapers stored in a damp, warm place may ignite spontaneously.
  • Install smoke detectors on every level of your home and outside of sleeping areas.
  • Mount a fire extinguisher in the kitchen, garage and workshop.
  • Agree in advance on an escape plan. There should be at least two exits in every room.
  • Note: Half of all home fire deaths occur at night, so fire hazard checks and special attention to fire prevention should occur before going to bed.

Christmas Season Security Brief

Christmas-gifts-1383
This is just a reminder that we are in a season where people should be aware of their surroundings and look after their belongings. We have already had instances where robberies and hijackings have taken place in this silly season. Please I am making a pledge you to look after your belongings wherever you go. Remember it only takes a thief seconds to steal so if you leave your guard for a short time you could become a victim so safe guard your possessions.

Try not to carry large amounts of cash in your bag or wallet but if you need to lock it in a safe place. A draw or cupboard can easily be opened as people that steal are desperate and they will go to any effort to get to your possessions.

Always be wary of your surroundings and take special care of your credit and debit cards because depending on the information that’s stolen, problems go well beyond cancelling a stolen card or changing a PIN. Criminals file false tax returns or misuse identities to get cell phone services, open utility accounts and obtain prescription drugs.

Some victims have had their names wrongly invoked in arrest reports and court records of other people’s crimes. Victims say the violation brings with it anger, anxiety, sadness, shame and even suicidal thoughts.

While theft of credit card information remains the most common type of cyber fraud, medical identity theft is growing. It can result in victims being charged for medical services and prescriptions they didn’t receive, or finding another person’s health information in their medical records. Consequently, you can be denied health benefits.

Like in real life, your wallet or hand bag must be secured. Always remember that it is your responsibility to adopt good practices in order to protect your money.

Here are three ways to protect your wallet or purse:

  • Keep it close. If you’re carrying a purse, make sure it has short straps so that it rides right under your arm. Also don’t carry your wallet in your back pocket or in the side pocket of a jacket. Carry it in your front pocket, or in an interior jacket pocket.
  • Travel light. Carry only essentials in your wallet or purse. All too often we feel the need to carry every credit card on us when we’re shopping. Don’t do it. Carry only the cash you need. Limit yourself to one credit card, and leave the rest at home whenever possible. The less you carry, the smaller the mess you’ll have to clean up if your wallet or purse does go missing.
  • Take inventory. Stop right now and list everything that’s in your purse or wallet without looking. Once you’re done, check your list against what’s in there. I’ll bet you forget a few items. Sometimes, we carry around items that we don’t use often.
    Do not make it easy for people to steal from you. We are all busy and trust people around us too much therefore stay vigilant and keep your hard earned cash safe.

On behalf of all of us at Lambton Preschool and Aftercare we wish you all a blessed Festive season.